Emanuel Caldwell


Hawkinsville, Georgia

(Interviewed By Elizabeth Watson--1936)

[JUL 20, 1937]

During the 1840's, Emanuel Caldwell--born in North Carolina, and Neal

Anne Caldwell--born in South Carolina, were brought to Macon by

"speculators" and sold to Mr. Ed Marshal of Bibb County. Some time

thereafter, this couple married on Mr. Marshal's plantation, and their

second child, born about 1850, was Alice Battle. From her birth until

freedom, Alice was a chattel of this Mr. Marshal, whom she refers to as

a humane man, though inclined to use the whip when occasion demanded.

Followed to its conclusion, Alice's life history is void of thrills and

simply an average ex-slave's story. As a slave, she was well fed, well

clothed, and well treated, as were her brother and sister slaves. Her

mother was a weaver, her father--a field hand, and she did both

housework and plantation labor.

Alice saw the Yankee pass her ex-master's home with their famous

prisoner, Jeff Davis, after his capture, in '65. The Yankee band, says

she, was playing "We'll hang Jeff Davis on a Sour Apple Tree". Some of

the soldiers "took time out" to rob the Marshal smokehouse. The Whites

and Negroes were all badly frightened, but the "damyankees didn't harm


After freedom, Alice remained with the Marshals until Christmas, when

she moved away. Later, she and her family moved back to the Marshal

plantation for a few years. A few years still later, Alice married a

Battle "Nigger".

Since the early '70's, Alice has "drifted around" quite a bit. She and

her husband are now too old and feeble to work. They live with one of

their sons, and are objects of charity.

Emaline Neland Emanuel Elmore facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail