Julia Cole





PLANTATION LIFE AS VIEWED BY EX-SLAVE



JULIA COLE, Age 78

169 Yonah Avenue

Athens, Georgia



Written by:

Corry Fowler

Athens



Edited by:

Sarah H. Hall

Athens



Leila Harris

Augusta



and

John N. Booth

District Supervisor

Federal Writers' Project

Residencies 6 & 7





A knock on the door of the comfortable little frame house which Julia

Cole shares with her daughter, Rosa, brought the response, "Who dat?"

Soon Rosa appeared. "Come in Honey and have a cheer," was her greeting

and she added that Julia had "stepped across de street to visit 'round a

little." Soon the neighborhood was echoing and reverberating as the

call, "Tell Aunt Julia somebody wants to see her at her house," was

repeated from cabin to cabin. A few moments later Julia walked in.

Yellowish gingercake in color, and of rather dumpy figure, she presented

a clean, neat appearance. She and her daughter, who cooks for a

dentist's family, take much pride in their attractively furnished home.

Julia was of pleasant manner and seemed anxious to tell all that she

could. It is doubtful if Rosa made much progress with her ironing in an

adjoining room, for every few minutes she came to the door to remind her

mother of some incident that she had heard her tell before.



Julia began her story by saying: "I was born in Monroe, Georgia and

b'longed to Marster John Grant. My Mamma was Mittie Johnson, and she

died de year 'fore de war ended. I don't 'member my Pa. Mamma had four

chillun. Richard and Thomas Grant was my brothers, but me and my sister

Hattie was Johnsons. Marse John had a big plantation and a heap of

slaves. Dey was rich, his folks was. Dey is de folks dat give Grant's

Park to Atlanta.



"Dey called my grandpa, 'Uncle Abram.' Atter he had wukked hard in de

field all day, he would jus' lay down on a bench at night and sleep

widout pullin' off his clothes. Us had home-made beds in de cabins

widout no paint on 'em. Evvything slaves had was home-made, jus'

wooden-legged things. Even de coffins was made at home out of pine wood.

Now me, I didn't sleep in de cabin much. I slept on a little trundle bed

up at de big house. In de daytime my bed was pushed back up under one of

de big beds.



"Marse John's son, Marse Willie Grant, blowed de bugle in de mornin's by

4 o'clock to git de slaves up in time to be in de fields by daybreak.

When slaves got too old to wuk, dey took keer of de chillun in a house

down below de kitchen. Mamma wukked in de field when she was able.

Nobody on our place had to wuk in de fields on Sadday evenin's. Dat was

de time de 'omans washed deir clothes and cleaned up.



"Chillun didn't have much to do. Us loved to hunt for turkey nests

'cause dey give us a teacake for evvy turkey egg us fetched in. Chillun

et in de yard at de big house, whar dey give us plenty of meat and

cornbread wid good vegetables for dinner. For breakfast and supper, us

had mostly buttermilk and cornbread. On Sundays us had bread made from

wheat flour and sopped good old syrup wid it. Sometimes Marse John would

give us 'mission to kill little pigs at night and broil 'em over de

coals in our yards, and how us did enjoy 'em! I ain't never suffered for

nothin' in all my life, 'cause de Grants was mighty good white folks. De

old White home on Prince Avenue was deir summer home. When dey built

it, woods was all 'round and dere warn't many houses in dat section.



"Us had plenty of clothes made out of homespun checks, and Marse John

give us brass-toed shoes. Our dresses was well sewed and made wid belts

to 'em. Nobody went 'bout half naked on our plantation lak some of de

old folks f'um other farms talks 'bout. Us had good well-made clothes,

even if dey was made out of common cloth.



"Nobody on our plantation run away to de North, and de paddyrollers

didn't git nobody at our place neither. Marse John was too good to

evvybody for his slaves to want to cut up and run 'way and do things to

make de paddyrollers hunt 'em down. Dey didn't have no jails 'cause dey

didn't need none on our place. Sometimes Marse John made a colored man

named Uncle Jim Cooper give 'em a good whuppin' when dey needed it.



"When us was sick, dey give us herbs and things of dat sort. In de

springtime, dey give us jerusalem oak seed in syrup for nine mornin's

and by den us was allus rid of de worms. Dey 'tended to slave chillun so

good and dutiful dat dere warn't many of 'em died, and I don't never

'member no doctor comin' to my Mamma's house.



"Old Missus used to teach us in da blue back speller, and when I didn't

know my lesson she made me run f'um de house to de gyarden gate for

punishment. De more words I missed; de more times I had to run. Us had

our own church services on de plantation under home-made brush arbors,

and our colored preacher was Uncle Charles Cooper.



"Once some sojers come by our place lookin' for Marse John. He had done

hid in de loft of de meat house and told evvybody on de place dey

better not tell whar he was. Dey didn't find Marse John, but dey did

find his son, Marse Willie, and dey tuk him 'long wid 'em. Marse Willie

was de only chile dat Marster and Missus had and it nearly killed 'em

for him to be tuk 'way from 'em. When Mr. Lincoln's general got to our

place he was a-ridin' a big red hoss dat sho' was a grand animal. Dem

sojers went in de smokehouses and stores evvywhar and tuk what dey

wanted.



"Not long 'fore de war ended, my Mamma tuk a 'lapse f'um measles and

died. 'Fore she died, she sont for Marse John and told him what she

wanted done, and he done jus' what she axed. She give him my brothers,

Richard and Thomas, and told him to take dem two boys and to make men

out of 'em by makin' 'em wuk hard. I jus' lak to have died when my Mamma

died. Dey carried her to de graveyard and put her down in de grave and I

jus' couldn't help it; I jumped right down in dat grave wid her, and dey

had to take me out. My brothers said I was plum crazy dat day.



"Atter de war was over, Marster moved his family to Atlanta on Peachtree

Street. His grandson dat was born dat year died not long ago. Dey didn't

have no farm in Atlanta and so dey didn't need all deir old servants. My

sister Hattie was a baby and Auntie tuk her to Atlanta wid de Grants.



"I don't know what 'come of de others on Marster's farm. I had to git in

a covered wagon and come wid my Uncle Jordan Johnson to Athens. I didn't

want to leave, and I hid down under our things in de wagon when dey made

me come. When us crossed de river, I was sho' us was 'bout to git

drownded. One time atter dat us tuk a trip to Madison to see de old

breastplates (breastworks) dar.



"My brother Tom got to be captain of a colored troop dat went to de

Philippine Islands. Over dar de sojers kilt a big snake and et it all

but de head. He had dat thing stuffed and brought it home. Atter he left

de army, he got a job in de Atlanta Post Office whar he wukked 'til he

was 'tired.



"I was hired out to de Marks family and stayed dar for years and dat was

a mighty good place to be hired out. I was married twice. Me and Crit

Clayton married at home. I ain't never seed nothin' lak dat pretty

flowerdy weddin' dress dat I wore and I had de prettiest hat and things

dat I ever seed. My next husband was Andrew Cole--He was Rosa's Pa. I

forgits de name of de white preacher dat married us when us went to his

house and axed him to. Four of our seven chillun is still livin'.



"Dey tells me our old big house near Monroe is standin' yit, and I sho'

do wish I could see it once more 'fore I die, but since I broke my hip a

few years ago I jus' don't ride in dem automobiles. No Ma'am, I don't

limp. De Lord was good to heal my hip and I ain't takin' no chances on

breakin' no more of my bones."





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