Mollie Malone





[HW: Dist. 6:

Ex-Slave #72]



Henrietta Carlisle

Alberta Minor

Re-search Workers



MOLLIE MALONE--EX-SLAVE

Route B, Griffin, Georgia

Interviewed



September 16, 1936

[Date Stamp: MAY 8 1937]





Mollie was born on a plantation owned by Mr Valentine Brook, near Locust

Grove, Georgia. Mr. Brook died before the War and his wife, "the widder

Brock", ran the plantation.



Slaves not needed on the home plantation were "hired out" to other land

owners for from $200.00 to $300.00 a year. This was done the first of

each year by an auction from a "horse block". When Mollie was seven

months old her mother, Clacy Brock, was "hired out" and she was taken

care of by two old Negroes, too old to work, and who did nothing but

care for the little "Niggers". Mollie grew up with these children

between the "big house" and the kitchen. When she was old enough she was

"put to mind" the smaller children and if they did'nt behave she pinched

them, but "when the 'ole Miss found it out, she'd sure 'whup me'", she

said. These children were fed cornbread and milk for breakfast and

supper, and "pot licker" with cornbread for dinner. They slept in a

large room on quilts or pallets. Each night the larger children were

given so many "cuts" to spin, and were punished if all weren't finished.

The thread was woven into cloth on the loom and made into clothes by the

slaves who did the sewing. There were no "store bought" clothes, and

Mollie was free before she ever owned a pair of shoes. Clothes had to be

furnished by the owner for the slaves he "hired out".



Mr. and Mrs. Brock had two daughters, Margaret and Mary Anne, who led

very quiet secluded lives. Mollie remembers visits of the traveling

preacher, who conducted services in a nearby church once a month. The

slaves walked behind the White folks' carriages to and from the church,

where they were seated in the rear during the services. If there were

baptisms, the Whites were baptized first, then the Darkies.



On this plantation the Negroes were not allowed to engage in any frolics

or attend social gatherings. They only knew Christmas by the return of

the hired out slaves, who came home for a week before the next auction.



The young lady daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Brock wore "drag tail" dresses,

and Mollie says the little Negroes had to hold these long skirts off the

ground whenever they were out doors, then spread them as they went into

the house so they could "strut."



The children were not allowed any education other than the "old Miss"

reading them the Bible on Sunday afternoons.



The older Negroes were not allowed to visit on other plantations often,

but when they did go they had to have passes from their masters or the

"patarolers" would whip them--if they were caught.



Hoar-hound and penny-royal were used for minor ailments, and "varnish"

was put on cuts by the "ole Miss". Mollie doesn't remember ever seeing a

doctor, other than a mid-wife, on the plantation. Home made remedies for

"palpitation of the heart" was to wear tied around the neck a piece of

lead, pounded into the shape of the heart, and punched with nine holes,

or to get some one "not kin to you", to tie some salt in a small bag and

wear it over your heart. Toothache was cured by smoking a pipe of "life

everlasting", commonly called "rabbit tobacco". Headaches were stopped

by beating the whites of an egg stiff, adding soda and putting on a

cloth, then tying around the head.



Mr. Brock died before the War, consequently not having any men to go

from the plantation, Mollie knew very little about it. She remembers

Confederate soldiers "practicin" at Locust Grove, the nearest town, and

one time the Yankees came to the plantation and "took off" a horse Mrs.

Brock had hidden in the swamp, also all the silver found buried.



Mollie knew nothing of the freedom of the slaves until her mother came

to get her. For two years they "hired out" on a farm in Butts County,

where they worked in the fields. Several times in later years Mollie

returned to the Brock plantation to see "the ole Miss" and the young

Misses. Mrs. Brock and her daughters, who had never married, died on the

plantation where they had always lived.



Mollie's family "knocked around awhile", and then came to Griffin where

they have since made their home. She became a familiar figure driving an

ox-cart on the streets and doing odd jobs for White families and leading

a useful life in the community. Besides her own family, Mollie has

raised fifteen orphaned Negro children. She is approximately ninety

years old, being "about growd" when the War ended.





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