Olivia Morgan





Interviewer: Miss Irene Robertson

Person Interviewed: Olivia Morgan

Hazen, Ark.

Age: 62





"I am 62 years old. I was born in Lafayette County close to New

Lewisville. I heard mama say many a time she was named after her

state--North Carolina. Her name was Carolina Alexandria. They brought

her a slave girl to this new country. She and papa must of met up

toreckly after freedom. She had some children and I'm one of my papa's

oldest children.



"Papa come here long fore the war started. The old master in Atlanta,

Georgia--Abe Smith--give his son three boys and one girl. He emigrated

to Arkansas.



"Mama said her first husband and the young master went off and he never

come back as she knowed of. Young master played with mama's second girl

a whole heap. One day they was playing hiding round. Just as she come

running to the base from round the house, young master hit her on the

forehead with a rock. It killed her. Old master tried to school him but

he worried so they sent him off--thought it would do his health good to

travel. I don't think they ever come back.



"After freedom mama married and went over to papa's master's. Papa

stayed round there a long time. They got news some way they was to get

forty acres land and a mule to start out with but they said they never

got nothing.



"My papa said he knowed it to be a fact, the Ku Klux cut a colored

woman's breast off. I don't recollect why he said they got after her.

The Jayhawkers was bad too. They all went wild; some of em left men

hanging up in trees. They needed a good master to protect em worse after

the war than they needed em before. They said they had a Yankee

government then was reason of the Ku Klux. They run the Jayhawkers out

and made the Yankees go on home. Everybody had a hard time. Bread was

mighty scarce when I was a child. Times was hard. Men that had land had

to let it lay out. They had nothin' to feed the hands on, no money to

pay, no seed, no stock to work. The fences all went to rack and all the

houses nearly down. When I was a child they was havin' hard times.



"I'm a country woman. I farmed all my life. I been married two times; I

married Holmes, then Morgan. They dead. I washed, ironed, cooked, all at

Mr. Jim Buchannan's sawmill close to Lewisville two years and eight

months; then I went back to farmin' up at Pine Bluff. My oldest sister

washed and ironed for Mrs. Buchannan till she moved from the sawmill to

Texarkana. He lived right at the sawmill ground.



"My papa voted a Republican ticket. I don't vote. My husbands have voted

along. If the women would let the men have the business I think times

would be better. I don't believe in women voting. The men ought to make

the livings for the families, but the women doing too much. They

crowding the men out of work.



"Some folks is sorry in all colors. Seems like the young folks ain't got

no use for quiet country life. They buying too much. They say they have

to buy everything. I ain't had no depression yet. I been at work and we

had crop failures but I made it through. Some folks good and some ain't.

Times is bout to run away with some of the folks. They all say times is

better than they been since 1928. I hope times is on the mend."





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