Robert Falls





SUBJECT

SLAVE STORIES



ROBERT FALLS

608 South Broadway

Knoxville, Tennessee



Interviewed by



Della Yoe, Foreman

Federal Writers' Project,

First District, WPA

Room # 215 Old YMCA Building

State and Commerce Streets.

Knoxville, Tennessee





Robert Falls was born on December 14, 1840, in the rambling one-story

shack that accomodated the fifteen slaves of his Old Marster,

[HW: Harry] Beattie Goforth, on a farm in Claiborne County, North

Carolina. His tall frame is slightly stooped, but he is not subjected

to the customary infirmities of the aged, other than poor vision and

hearing. Fairly comfortable, he is spending his declining years in

contentment, for he is now the first consideration of his daughter,

Mrs. Lola Reed, with whom he lives at #608 S. Broadway, Knoxville,

Tennessee. His cushioned rocking chair is the honor seat of the

household. His apology for not offering it to visitors, is that he is

"not so fast on his feet as he used to be."



Despite Uncle Robert's protest that his "mind comes and goes", his

memory is keen, and his sense of humor unimpaired. His reminiscences

of slave days are enriched by his ability to recreate scenes and

incidents in few words, and by his powers of mimicry. "If I had my

life to live over," he declares, "I would die fighting rather than be

a slave again. I want no man's yoke on my shoulders no more. But in

them days, us niggers didn't know no better. All we knowed was work,

and hard work. We was learned to say, 'Yes Sir!' and scrape down and

bow, and to do just exactly what we was told to do, make no difference

if we wanted to or not. Old Marster and Old Mistress would say, 'Do

this!' and we don' it. And they say, 'Come here!' and if we didn't

come to them, they come to us. And they brought the bunch of switches

with them."



"They didn't half feed us either. They fed the animals better. They

gives the mules, ruffage and such, to chaw on all night. But they

didn't give us nothing to chaw on. Learned us to steal, that's what

they done. Why we would take anything we could lay our hands on, when

we was hungry. Then they'd whip us for lieing when we say we dont know

nothing about it. But it was easier to stand, when the stomach was

full."



"Now my father, he was a fighter. He was mean as a bear. He was so bad

to fight and so troublesome he was sold four times to my knowing and

maybe a heap more times. That's how come my name is Falls, even if

some does call me Robert Goforth. Niggers would change to the name of

their new marster, every time they was sold. And my father had a lot

of names, but kep the one of his marster when he got a good home. That

man was Harry Falls. He said he'd been trying to buy father for a long

time, because he was the best waggoner in all that country abouts. And

the man what sold him to Falls, his name was Collins, he told my

father, "You so mean, I got to sell you. You all time complaining

about you dont like your white folks. Tell me now who you wants to

live with. Just pick your man and I will go see him." Then my father

tells Collins, I want you to sell me to Marster Harry Falls. They made

the trade. I disremember what the money was, but it was big. Good

workers sold for $1,000 and $2,000. After that the white folks didn't

have no more trouble with my father. But he'd still fight. That man

would fight a she-bear and lick her every time."



"My mother was sold three times before I was born. The last time when

Old Goforth sold her, to the slave speculators,--you know every time

they needed money they would sell a slave,--and they was taking them,

driving them, just like a pack of mules, to the market from North

Carolina into South Carolina, she begun to have fits. You see they had

sold her away from her baby. And just like I tell you she begun having

fits. They got to the jail house where they was to stay that night,

and she took on so, Jim Slade and Press Worthy--them was the slave

speculators,--couldnt do nothing with her. Next morning one of them

took her back to Marse Goforth and told him, "Look here. We cant do

nothing with this woman. You got to take her and give us back our

money. And do it now,' they says. And they mean it too. So Old Marse

Goforth took my mother and give them back their money. After that none

of us was ever separated. We all lived, a brother and two sisters and

my mother, with the Goforths till freedom."



"And do you know, she never did get over having fits. She had them

every change of the moon, or leastways every other moon change. But

she kept on working. She was a hard worker. She had to be. Old

Mistress see to that. She was meaner than old Marster, she was. She

would sit by the spinning wheel and count the turns the slave women

made. And they couldn't fool her none neither. My mother worked until

ten o'clock almost every night because her part was to 'spend so many

cuts' a day, and she couldnt get through no sooner. When I was a

little shaver, I used to sit on the floor with the other little

fellows while our mothers worked, and sometimes the white folks girls

would read us a Bible story. But most of the time we slept. Right

there on the floor. Then later, when I was bigger, I had to work with

the men at night shelling corn, to take to town early mornings."



"Marster Goforth counted himself a good old Baptist Christian. The one

good deed he did, I will never forget, he made us all go to church

every Sunday. That was the onliest place off the farm we ever went.

Every time a slave went off the place, he had to have a pass, except

we didnt, for church. Everybody in thet country knowed that the

Goforth niggers didn't have to have no pass to go to church. But that

didn't make no difference to the Pattyroolers. They'd hide in the

bushes, or wait along side of the road, and when the niggers come from

meeting, the Pattyroolers's say, 'Whar's your pass'? Us Goforth

niggers used to start running soon as we was out of church. We never

got caught. That is why I tell you I cant use my legs like I used to.

If you was caught without no pass, the Pattyroolers give you five

licks. They was licks! You take a bunch of five to seven Pattyroolers

each giving five licks and the blood flows."



"Old Marster was too old to go to the war. He had one son was a

soldier, but he never come home again. I never seen a soldier till the

war was over and they begin to come back to the farms. We half-grown

niggers had to work the farm, because all the famers had to give,--I

believe it was a tenth--of their crops to help feed the soldiers. So

we didnt know nothing about what was going on, no more than a hog. It

was a long time before we knowed we was free. Then one night Old

Marster come to our house and he say he wants to see us all before

breakfast tomorrow morning and to come on over to his house. He got

something to tell us."



"Next morning we went over there. I was the monkey, always acting

smart. But I believe they liked me better than all of the others. I

just spoke sassy-like and say, "Old Marster, what you got to tell us"?

My mother said, "Shut your mouth fool. He'll whip you!" And Old

Marster say,--"No I wont whip you. Never no more. Sit down thar all of

you and listen to what I got to tell you. I hates to do it but I must.

You all aint my niggers no more. You is free. Just as free as I am.

Here I have raised you all to work for me, and now you are going to

leave me. I am an old man, and I cant get along without you. I dont

know what I am going to do." Well sir, it killed him. He was dead in

less than ten months."



"Everybody left right now, but me and my brother and another fellow.

Old Marster fooled us to believe we was duty-bound to stay with him

till we was all twenty-one. But my brother, that boy was stubborn.

Soon he say he aint going to stay there. And he left. In about a year,

maybe less, he come back and he told me I didnt have to work for Old

Goforth, I was free, sure enough free, and I went with him and he got

me a job railroading. But the work was too hard for me. I couldnt

stand it. So I left there and went to my mother. I had to walk. It was

forty-five miles. I made it in a day. She got me work there where she

worked."



"I remember so well, how the roads was full of folks walking and

walking along when the niggers were freed. Didnt know where they was

going. Just going to see about something else somewhere else. Meet a

body in the road and they ask, 'Where you going'? 'Dont know.' 'What

you going to do'? 'Dont know.' And then sometimes we would meet a

white man and he would say, 'How you like to come work on my farm'?

And we say, 'I dont know.' And then maybe he say, "If you come work

for me on my farm, when the crops is in I give you five bushels of

corn, five gallons of molasses, some ham-meat, and all your clothes

and vittals whils you works for me." Alright! That's what I do. And

then something begins to work up here, (touching his forehead with his

fingers) I begins to think and to know things. And I knowed then I

could make a living for my own self, and I never had to be a slave no

more."



"Now, Old Marster Goforth, had four sisters what owned slaves, and

they wasnt mean to them like our Old Marster and Mistress. Some of the

old slaves and their folks are still living on their places right to

this day. But they never dispute none with their brother about how

mean he treat his slaves. And him claiming to be such a Christian!

Well, I reckon he's found out something about slave driving by now.

The good Lord has to get his work in some time. And he'll take care of

them low down Pattyroolers and slave speculators and mean Marsters and

Mistress's. He's took good care of me in the years since I was free'd,

only now, we needs Him again now and then. I just stand up on my two

feet, raise my arms to heaven, and say, 'Lord, help me!' He never

fails me. I asked him this morning, didnt I Lola? Asked him to render

help. We need it. And here you come. Lola, just watch that lady write.

If you and me had her education, we'd be fixed now wouldnt we? I never

had no learning."



"Thank you Lady! (tucking the coin into his pocket wallet, along with

his tobacco.) And thank you for coming. It does me a heap of good to

see visitors and talk about the old times. Come again, wont you? And

next time you come, I want to talk to you about old age pensions. I

come here from Marian, N.C. three years ago, and they tell me I have

to live here four, before I gets a pension. And as I done left North

Carolina, I cant get a pension from them. But maybe you can tell me

what to do. I likes this place. And I do hopes I get a pension before

I gets to be a 'hundred."





Robert Barr Robert Farmer facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail

Feedback